Friday, 20 April 2018

4 Different Types and Symptoms of Anxiety Disorder: Must Know

What is Anxiety?

We often experience stress at home, office, college, etc. Stress has become now a common thing that people go through and this stress later plays an extreme role in anxiety disorder. 

Anxiety occurs when someone consistently stresses and it starts to manipulate their everyday lives including health. 

Major symptoms of Anxiety Disorders

  • Dizziness

  • Nausea

  • Heart palpitations (irregular beating of the heart)

Anxiety Disorders has become a very serious issue now that is affecting people's life badly. 

According to the case study, the U.S adult population alone with anxiety disorders are total of 40 million people and their country spends over $30-40 billion a year just on anxiety disorder.

Here are the types of anxiety disorder and their symptoms are given below:

Types of Anxiety Disorder

1- Generalized Anxiety Disorder(GAD)

GAD--Starting with the clinical features of Generalized Anxiety Disorder(GAD) the patient has persistent prominent and exaggerated worry, tension or apprehension about everyday events and problems these could be things like work issues, finance etc. 

The patient reports feeling on edge most of the time this is called free-floating anxiety. There is usually much muscle tension, for example, it can be a headache or there is restlessness inability to relax. 

Or even irritability the patient has difficulty concentrating and usually reports that their mind goes blank like there is initial insomnia but there is a delay in being able to fall asleep because of worrying about depression. 

You have early morning awakening where the patient makes up much earlier than their usual waking time. 

The patient with a generalized anxiety disorder may also report autonomic symptoms like palpitations, sweating, tremors, dry mouth etc.

 There may also be other physical symptoms like nausea, abdominal discomfort, tingling or numbness, hot flashes or cold chills, difficulty in swallowing due to a feeling of a lump in the throat etc. 

The patient experiences episodes of panic attacks each of which is a discrete event characterized by acute onset of severe anxiety with no obvious trigger so this is called anxiety out of the blue.

The anxiety reaches a peak over the next few seconds or minutes and then subsides for the following few minutes.

2-Panic Disorder

The  autonomic symptoms and physical symptoms are seen in panic disorder are much more  prominent than those seen in generalized  anxiety disorder

Palpitations, sweating, tremors, dry mouth, feeling of choking or difficulty in breathing (pain or discomfort) abdominal discomfort butterflies in the stomach, feeling dizzy, faint lightheaded, tingling and numbness cold, chills, and hot flushes. 

In panic disorder, there is typically either fear of dying due to heart attack or choking or fear of fainting, fear of losing control, fear of going insane or bad and depersonalization and derealization(where the patient feels detached and unreal).

Symptoms of Anxiety      

Clinical features of the Panic disorder are characterized by acute episodes of anxiety that are precipitated by exposure to specific triggers these triggers could be objects or situations. 

The anxiety in phobias is predictable this is in contrast to the unpredictable out-of-the-blue anxiety that occurs in panic disorder. 

So in phobias, any exposure to the trigger predictably results in acute anxiety. A patient with phobia initially demonstrates escape so the patient escapes from the trigger in order to reduce the duration of anxiety in due course.

The patient exhibits avoidance so the patient avoids exposing oneself to the trigger in order to try not to experience the acute anxiety during acute anxiety in phobias. 

The symptoms that occur are very similar to those seen in panic attacks. 

The main types of phobias are simple phobias also called specific or isolated, phobias agoraphobia and social phobia.

3-Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

PTSD --- People suffering from PTSD  have the symptoms developed after the patient is exposed to an exceptionally threatening or catastrophic event for example of such dramas include major physical or sexual assault, road traffic accidents, natural disasters, and terrorism. 

In PTSD the patient's trauma in the form of flashbacks when they are awake and in the form of nightmares while asleep. The patient avoids places, conversations with people etc all are associated with the trauma.

 The patient exhibits hyper vigilance he/she will always appear to be on the lookout for further danger and the patient is easily startled. 

Other common symptoms of PTSD include emotional numbing, insomnia, irritability, poor concentration, misuse of alcohol or drugs, depersonalization, and derealization.

4- Obsessive-compulsive Disorder (OCD)

OCD--OCD is a chronic and very common disorder that could happen to anyone to satisfy their anxiety people keep doing the same task again and again. 

OCD is characterized by obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions are repeated thoughts or mental images. 

Symptoms such as fear of contamination, doubt, symmetry, unnecessary thoughts related to religion or sex, aggressive thoughts for someone. 

Whereas examples of compulsions include washing, cleaning, checking ordering coding counting and touching.

Also, read
5 Major Types of Depression- Atypical ,Bipolar,Persistent Depression

Learn more about Anxiety (Helpful Resources)

Download Anxiety brochure from ADDA 

Learn how to cope with anxiety visit


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